Gerações de Aprendizado de Máquina

Neste post do Dr. Vijay Srinivas Agneeswaran ele faz um ensaio sobre as 3 gerações de aprendizado de máquina:

1. The traditional ML tools for machine learning and statistical analysis including SAS, IBM SPSS, Weka and the R language - allow deep analysis of smaller data sets …  2. Second generation ML tools such as Mahout, Pentaho or RapidMiner - allow what I call as shallow analysis of big-data. … 3. The third generation tools such as Spark, Twister, HaLoop, Apache Hama and GraphLab - facilitate deeper analysis of big-data - but how deep and how reliable are these?